Always Accessible Always Afloat
Always Afloat or Safe Aground. Condition for a vessel whilst in port
The hiring of a ship in whole or part
At or towards the stern or rear of a ship
Touching or fast to the bottom
All Going Well
Above the deck of the ship
In or toward the centre of the ship
A place suitable for anchorage in relation to the wind, seas and bottom
Arrival Pilot Station
Method of settling disputes which is usually binding on parties. A clause usually in a charter party
Any Safe Port in the World
In the back of the ship, opposite of ahead
Any Time Day/Night Sundays and Holidays Included
Actual Times Used to Count
Where a seller/shipper issues a 'letter of indemnity' in favour of the carrier in exchange for a clean bill of lading
Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount, reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.
Cubic capacity of a vessels holds to carry packaged dry cargo such as bales/pallets
Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo
Before Breaking Bulk. Refers to freight payments that must be received before discharge of a vessel commences
Both Dates Inclusive
The maximum breadth or the greatest width of a ship
Beneath the deck
Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)
The Baltic and International Maritime Council
(Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a Contract of Affreightment, a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.
The forward part of a ship
Basis 1 Port to 1 Port
A vertical partition separating compartments
An anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring
Brackish Water Arrival Draft
Currency Adjustment Factor
CBFT (or CFT)
CFR (or C&F)
Cost and Freight
Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge.
Contract of Affreightment - Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue tonne for cargo carried on a specific number of voyages.
Carriage and Insurance paid to...
Contract of Affreightment Charter Party
Closing of Business
Cash On Delivery
Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
CONSIGNEE. Name of agent, company or person receiving consignment
Custom Of Port
CP (or C/P)
Customary Quick Despatch
Cargo Remaining on Board
Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging)
Delivered Duty Paid.
A permanent covering over a compartment, hull or any part thereof
Demurrage (Quay Rent). Money paid by the shipper for the occupying port space beyond a specified "Free Time" period.
Delivered Ex Quay
Delivered Ex Ship
Despatch. Time saved, reward for quick turnaround- in dry cargo only
Deadfreight. Space booked by shipper or charterer on a vessel but not used
Despatch Half Demurrage on All Time Saved Both Ends
Despatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends
Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)
Department of Transport
Discountless and Non-Returnable Cargo and/or Ship Lost or Not Lost
DRAUGHT (or DRAFT)
Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying.
Materials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the tynes of a fork lift truck may be inserted.
DWAT (or DWT)
Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement.
Even If Used
Estimated Time of Arrival
Estimated Time of Completion
Estimated Time of Departure
Estimated Time of Sailing
Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading
Freight Demurrage Deadfreight
Freight Deemed Earned, Discountless And Non-Returnable (Refundable) Ship And Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost
A cushion, placed between ships, or between a ship and a pier, to prevent damage
Free In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which the shipper pays load costs and the carrier pays for discharge costs.
Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the seafreight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo.
Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but excludes stowage costs.
Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.
Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming, e.g. the levelling of bulk cargoes. FIOS includes seafreight, but excludes loading/discharging and stowage costs.
Free In Trimmed
Chartering a Vessel
Conclusion of shipbrokers negotiations to charter a ship - an agreement
Cargo to be presented stacked and secured as an integral unit.
Full Liner Terms
Federal Maritime Commission
Force Majeure Excepted
Free on Board. Seller sees the goods "over the ship’s rail" on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer
Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers of cargo.
In a line parallel to the keel
Toward the bow of the ship
Free On Truck
Free Pratique. Clearance by the Health Authorities
The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale
Freight. Money payable on delivery of cargo in a mercantile condition
If loading/discharging achieved sooner than agreed, there will be no freight money returned.
Free of discharge costs to owners. Includes seafreight only.
For Your Information
A general term for ropes, blocks, tackle and other equipment
Gencon (GENERAL CONDITIONS)
GN (or GR)
Good, Safe Berth
Good, Safe Port
The upper edge of a ship's sides
An opening in a ship's deck fitted with a watertight cover
Half Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends
Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved
Heavy Metal Scraps
A compartment below deck in a large vessel, used solely for carrying cargo
The main body of a ship
Intercoastal Waterway : bays, rivers, and canals along the coasts (such as the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts), connected so that vessels may travel without going into the sea
International Maritime Organisation
Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey
If Used, Half Time Actually To Count
The centreline of a ship running fore and aft; the backbone of a vessel
A measurement of speed equal to one nautical mile (6,076 feet) per hour
To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.
Latitude. The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.
Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)
Time at Charterers disposal for purpose of loading/discharging
Letter of Credit
Length Overall of the vessel
SEE PLIMSOLL LINE
Letter of Indemnity
The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England
LS (or LUMPS)
Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo
Lashed Secured Dunnaged
Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs)
Liner Terms Hook/Hook
Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)
Inventory of cargo on board
Marine Diesel Oil
Approximately in the location equally distant from the bow and stern
Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)
More or Less Charterers Option
More or Less Owners Option
An arrangement for securing a ship to a mooring buoy or pier
Mertic Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos)
Motor Vessel / Merchant Vessel
Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground
Nautical Mile. One minute of latitude; approximately 6,076 feet - about 1/8 longer than the statute mile of 5,280 feet
National Cargo Bureau
(Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.
Notice of Readiness
Net Restricted Tonnage
Protection and Indemnity Insurance
Per Day Pro Rata
By the Day
Per Hatch Per Day
The left side of a ship looking forward. A harbour.
Licence or permission to use a port
Per Weather Working Day
Recapitulation of the terms and conditions agreed
(Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.
Revenue Tonne (i.e. 1.0 metric tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.
SD (or SID)
Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only
Stowage Factor. Cubic space (measurement tonne) occupied by one tonne (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo
Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under the cargo to enable forklift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.
Statement of Facts
Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading
Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded
SSHINC (or SATSHINC)
Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included
It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all aspects at all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel.
Right side of a ship when facing the front or forward end.
Subject to Enough Merchandise (Availability of cargo). Also, the forward most part of the bow.
The aformost or after part of a ship
Subject (to). Depending upon as a condition
Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.
To Be Named / To Be Nominated
Time Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time and provide technical management, crewing etc.
Time Charter Party
Standard 20' Container
The sides of a ship between the waterline and the deck; sometimes referring to onto or above the deck
Fore and aft balance of a ship
Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count
Vessel Pays Dues
A line painted on a hull which shows the point to which a ship sinks when it is properly trimmed
Whether Customs Cleared Or Not
Whether In Berth Or Not
Whether In Free Pratique Or Not
Whether In Port Or Not
Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming
Weather Permitting. That time during which weather prevents working shall not count as laytime
Weather Permitting Day
Weather Working Day
When, Where Ready
Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon
Answered By: RiverGirl - 3/5/2007