There are always two sides of everything. First of all, tourists cause pollution and can damage the environment e.g. visual and noise pollution from increased buildings.
(Wiki answers)-tourist is an important part of the economy because without tourist there is no body and money in the country and no money means no jobs.
Disadvantages (depending upon implementation some of these can turn into advantages)
cultural destruction, (modernization (world mono-culture), freezes culture as performers, loss: language, religion, rituals, material culture.)
primary products (sun, sand, surf, safari, suds, ski, sex) (little value added, neo-colonialism)
environmental destruction (game drives, resorts: golf, ski, beach, desert, world as play ground, SUV.)
marginal employment (low skill, low wage, menial services, prostitution, drug trade, gambling, hustlers.)
low benefits (no job security, no health care, no organizing, no work safety rules or enviro standards.)
development of illegal and/or destructive economic activities (markets for drugs, endangered species, etc.)
outside hiring (skilled middle and senior management recruited out of the area and transferred in.)
concentration employment (walled resort enclaves.)
outside decision making (decisions made outside of the area, corporate dollars corrupt government.)
unrealistic expectations (divert young people from school and brighter futures.)
anti-democratic collusion (industry support of repressive governments)
land controlled by the elite (people relocated, agriculture eliminated, prohibited from N.P.)
negative lifestyle's (STD's, substance abuse, begging, hustling)
diverted and concentrated development (airport, roads, water, electricity to tourist destinations, development not accessible to locals),
little forex stays in country (airplanes, vehicles, booze, hot air balloons, generally have foreign owners),
cruises (eat and sleep on board so the economic benefits to the ports-of-call is very thin and limited.)
unstable market (fickle, affected by local and world events, generally highly elastic)
health tourism (traveling to get medical procedure at lower cost) has it own set of unique challenges, which include: Determining the credential, skills and quality of the facility and personnel. Language communication challenges on topics requiring a lot of details, sometimes even when both parties seemingly speak the same language. Different cultural issues and expectations around health care and the body. Post-treatment complications, after the "tourist" has left the facility.
Firstly, many countries depend heavily upon foreigners traveling as a source of income.
With more tourists, more people are needed to build the accommodation, work in the tourist industry, sell farm produce to the hotels, and build new roads, car-parks, hotels, cable railways and restaurants, plus other infrastructure, which all provide employment both during construction, and in their subsequent operation.
This leads to the increasing of average standard of living and decreasing of unemployment.
Also tourism helps in slowdown of rural depopulation.
As we analyze advantages and disadvantages of tourism let’s say few words about problems concerning traveling.
First, it’s environmental damage: pollution, forest fires, destruction of sand dunes.
Another aspect is cultural, as sometimes foreigners act with no respect to national traditions (for example, the behavior of European women in Eastern countries).
The advantages and disadvantages of tourism can be in balance if we all become more attentive to each other and the world around us. The main social thing in travel industry is mutual respect.
now write them in context of australia.
Answered By: branddxb - 7/13/2008