Occupations at large broadcast stations and networks fall into five general categories: Program production, news-related, and technical, all of which fall under professional and related occupations; sales; and management. At small stations, jobs are less specialized, and employees often perform several functions. Although on-camera or on-air positions are the most familiar occupations in broadcasting, the majority of employment opportunities are behind the scenes
Professional, management, and sales occupations generally require a college degree; technical occupations often do not. It is easier to obtain employment and gain promotions with a degree, especially in larger, more competitive markets. Advanced schooling generally is required for supervisory positions—including technical occupations—having greater responsibility and higher salaries.
Employees in the radio and television broadcasting industry often find their first job in broadcast stations that serve smaller markets. Competition for positions in large metropolitan areas is stronger, and stations in these areas usually seek highly experienced personnel. Because many radio and television stations are small, workers in this industry often must change employers to advance. Relocation to other parts of the country frequently is necessary for advancement.
News-related and program production occupations. Entry-level jobs in news or program production increasingly require a college degree and some broadcast experience. More than 1,500 institutions offer programs in communications, journalism, and related programs. As of 2006, there were 109 schools accredited by the Accrediting Council on Education in Journalism and Mass Communications. Some community colleges offer 2-year programs in broadcasting. Broadcast trade schools offer courses that last 6 months to a year and teach radio and television announcing, writing, and production.
Individuals pursuing a career in broadcasting often gain initial experience through work at college radio and television stations or through internships at professional stations. Although these positions usually are unpaid, they sometimes provide college credit or tuition. More importantly, they provide hands-on experience and a competitive edge when applying for jobs. In this highly competitive industry, broadcasters are less willing to provide on-the-job training, and instead seek candidates who can perform the job immediately.
Salaries for news analysts, reporters, and correspondents vary widely. Median annual earnings of reporters and correspondents are $34,000. The middle 50 percent earn between $25,000 and $52,000. The lowest 10 percent earn less than $20,000, and the highest 10 percent earn more than $74,000. Median annual earnings of reporters and correspondents are $32,000 in newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishing, and $39,000 in radio and television broadcasting.
Median annual earnings of broadcast news analysts are $47,000. The middle 50 percent earn between $31,000 and $84,000. The lowest 10 percent earn less than $23,000, and the highest 10 percent earn more than $146,000. Median annual earnings of broadcast news analysts 1re $49,000 in radio and television broadcasting.
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Answered By: Sarah P - 3/6/2009