What were some important reforms after the French Revolution?What are 3 political reforms that resulted from the french revolution?
- From 1791 there was an elected Legislative Assembly to pass laws
- The king was to be called the King of the French instead of the King of France
- The old administrative areas and dioceses were abolished and 83 new departments were created
-------------------The French Revolution Brings Reform and Terror - http://www.slideshare.net/dewert/232-revolution-brings-reform-and-terror
After the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, things proceeded quickly. • On August 4th, the National Assembly abolished feudalism. • On August 27th, the National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man. • This Declaration was a bit like the U.S. Declaration of Independence or the Bill of Rights and indeed borrowed from them.
• A few articles from the Declaration of the Rights of Man • 1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good. • 2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. • 9. As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty, if arrest shall be deemed indispensable, all harshness not essential to the securing of the prisoner's person shall be severely repressed by law. • 10. No one shall be disquieted on account of his opinions, including his religious views, provided their manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law. • 11. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. • 17. Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified.
• There’s also this one: • 6. Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.
The Church gets the treatment too. • In 1790, the Assembly confiscated all the lands of the Roman Catholic Church in France. • This was one part revenge against the First Estate and its power. After all, it owned 10?f the land in France and was the country’s largest landowner. • It was also economically motivated. • The country’s finances were in dire straits and taking Church land was a windfall. They could sell it off and also use its value to back the currency.
• The clergy was also stripped of its special rights and privileges, and were made employees of the state who were chosen by the state. Clerics had to take oaths of loyalty to the state too. • Some did and some refused. • The Second Estate was also stripped of its special rights and privileges.
• the deportation of clergy and the condemnation of many of them to death, • the closing, desecration and pilaging of churches, • removal of the word \"saint\" from street names and other acts to banish Christian culture from the public sphere • removal of statues, plates and other iconography from places of worship • destruction of crosses, bells and other external signs of worship • the institution of revolutionary and civic cults, including the Cult of Reason and subsequently the Cult of the Supreme Being, • the large scale destruction of religious monuments, • the outlawing of public and private worship and religious education, • forced marriages of the clergy, • forced abjurement of priesthood, and • the enactment of a law on October 21, 1793 making all nonjuring priests and all persons who harbored them liable to death on sight.
How happy is this day, my sisters! Yes, the peaceful names of \"mother\" and \"wife\" are much preferable to that of \"nun\", they give you all the Rights of Nature, thus to us.
In 1791, the National Assembly completed their constitution and created the Legislative Assembly • The constitution established a constitutional monarchy and Louis XVI accepted it (reluctantly, but he didn’t have many options). • The Legislative Assembly split along three lines: • Sitting in the right wing of the assembly hall were the conservatives who favored a British-style constitutional monarchy. • Sitting in the left wing of the assembly hall were the radicals wh