· · Government Jobs
The National Security Agency is the country's leading single employer of mathematicians, with positions at all degree levels: Bachelors, Masters, Ph.D. These mathematicians design and analyze complex algorithms and express difficult cryptographic problems in mathematical terms.
National Security Agency: http://www.nsa.gov/programs/employ/index.html
There are also jobs for math majors in a variety of other government agencies including defense, social security, internal revenue, and the census bureau.
· Research Mathematician
Research Mathematicians obtain jobs in academics and are also employed by large companies such as Microsoft and Bell Labs. They work on independent research and those in academics typically also teach.
The average salary of math teachers in the United States is $55,000, according to job search website Indeed. The minimum certification required to become a math teacher is an undergraduate degree in a math-related field and teaching certification, according to Education Portal. Another way to become a teacher without certification is to major in education with an emphasis on math.
Computer science involves studying theoretical information and statistics and how to apply them to systems of computers. The median salary for computer scientists in the United States is $97,970, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The middle 50 percent of computer scientists in the United States in 2008 earned $75,340 and $124,370. The top 10 percent of computer scientists were paid more than $151,250, and the bottom 10 percent earned less than $57,480. Examples of things computer scientists study and work on include virtual reality and computer hardware architecture. The majority of computer science jobs require at least a Ph.D. in computer science, according to the BLS.
Biomathematics is the study of biological and natural processes using mathematical tools and techniques. Some of the different areas that biomathematics has been used to study include population genetics, epidemic modeling and neurobiology. The average salary for biomathemeticians in the United States is $41,000 a year, according to the job search website Simply Hired.
Cryptography involves finding out ways to hide information like passwords. In addition, cryptography is used to improve the security of ATM cards. The average salary for cryptography in the United States is $90,000, according to Simply Hired. Cryptography technicians commonly work for businesses that have websites and for government security systems.
The field of operations research involves using math to figure out the best decisions to problems and uses math to figure out how to minimize costs and optimize profits. The median salary for operations research analysts in the United States is $69,000, according to the BLS. The top 10 percent of operations research analysts in the United States were paid more than $118,130 a year, and the bottom 10 percent were paid less than $51,780 a year.