Life in the U.S. in the 30s was obviously marked by the Great Depression! It was very hard:
In 1933, U.S. industrial production had fallen by half since 1929. Between 1930 and 1932, 773 banks made faillite.
In the U.S., the unemployment rate rises sharply in the early 1930s: it reached 9?n 19305. The country has some 13 million unemployed by 19,325. In 1933, when Roosevelt became president, 25?f the workforce is chômage and two million Americans are homeless.
Manifestations of hunger are increasing. In March 1930, 35,000 people lined the streets of New York. In June 1932, veterans demanded payment of pensions in Washington DC they were violently evicted by soldiers. A great strike in the textile sector erupts in 19348. In rural areas, the economic situation deteriorated, mainly because of drought and the Dust Bowl (1933-1935). In 1933, the 60?decrease in agricultural prices hit hard by the farmers (scissors effect). The ruins of Great Plains farmers grow thousands of people to settle in the western states. Faced with growing poverty, the growing communist influence in media populaires.
March 22, 1933, the Volstead Act (Volstead Act) on the alcohol prohibition was repealed by: the 21st Amendment to the Constitution, approved in Congress therefore canceled the prohibition of alcohol.
Roosevelt came to power created The New Deal. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's interventionist policies implemented to fight against the effects of the Great Depression in the United States. This program took place between 1933 and 1938, with the aim of supporting the poorest of the population: financial aid, social security, the launch of major projects across the country to reform financial markets and reinvigorate a battered U.S. economy since the 1929 crash by unemployment and bankruptcies.
The Roosevelt administration also undertook to protect farmers against the vagaries of the market by distributing federal grants and by controlling the production via the AAA, which was one of the architects Rexford Tugwell. On 12 May 1933, the Agricultural Adjustment Act came into vigueur.
The United States also attempted to clean up their banking practices in providing a legal framework more stringent to protect and reassure customers. In 1933, the banking act or Glass-Steagall Act was passed for this purpose. It creates a separation between commercial banks (savings and loans) and investment banks (sell various securities).
The Work Projects administration or WPA was created May 6, 1935, by a presidential order (financed the Congress, but do not put in place). The WPA employed millions of Americans, and its influence extended to almost all localities, mainly in rural and mountainous regions of western countries. The WPA was designed to provide jobs and income to the unemployed, victims of the Great Depression. Under the policy of public works, the program helped build many public buildings, roads. The WPA also allowed to feed children, redistributed food, clothing and housing.
The WPA built or renovated 110,000 schools, stations, offices poste, 100,000 bridges and 800,000 miles of roads, sewage, swimming pools, administrative buildings, airports, subways, highways, barages like barage of Colorado.
Among the major projects under the responsibility of the WPA include the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, completed in 1937.
However, unemployment was still solid: 17?f the U.S. workforce in 1939 pointed to unemployment or 9.5 million people.
Still, the New Deal failed to bring back the prosperity of the 1920s, and in 1941, six million Americans were still waiting for a job.
Answered By: Kelyn - 2/22/2012