The cause root for all miseries and inequalities are once deeds of present and past births. Hinduism recognises different types of Karmas operating in our lives simultaneously.
The simple and succinct definition of Karma is that "each and every physical action or deed that you perform with the cooperation of the mind, right from morning to evening, during the whole day and night, during the whole week, whole month, whole year and during the whole of your life right from birth to death is called Karma".
For example, getting up, sitting down, taking bath, washing, walking, standing, going to job, doing business, crying, laughing, awakening, seeing, not-seeing, joking, inhaling, exhaling, thinking, not-thinking, speaking, not-speaking, eating, not-eating, drinking, not-drinking, smelling,not-smelling, touching, not-touching, grasping or throwing by hands, passing or not-passing stool and urine, indulging or not indulging in sex, etc. - all these physical actions performed by all your ten senses, organs and limbs,performed as influenced and propelled by the likes and dislikes, attachments and non-attachments and with the co-operation of your mind and intellect are called 'Karma'.
All these Karmas are divided into three categories according to their stages as under
(1) KRIYAMAN KARMA means an action done at the spur of a moment or time in the present tense which instantaneously bears fruit and results in reaction then and there.
(2) SANCHIT KARMA (Cumulative Karma)
means the actions done but not yet ripe to give fruits immediately or on the spot but take some time to get ripened. Such Karmas are kept in abeyance pending in the balance waiting for the opportune time to become ripe, to give fruits in future. Till then they remain in balance and are accumulated (SANCHIT). Until their fructification, these Sanchit Karmas would not be neutralised.
(3) PRARABDHA KARMA means those
actions, out of the accumulated Sanchit Karmas which have now become ripe and are ready to give fruits. They are commonly known as destiny, luck, fate, fortune etc.
(1) This law is Eternal:
It has come into force with effect from the date on which the sun started rising in the east since the inception of the universe and it will remain in force till the end of the universe, the date on which the sun will stop rising in the sky. (These dates are not known and will never be known to anybody.)
(2) This law is Universal:
It is applicable to one and all the persons and creatures in all the countries in the world and the entire universe.Not that it is applicable only to Indians and that too only to Hindus because it was repeated and recited by Lord Krishna in Bhagwad Geeta on the battle field of Kurukshetra in India. It is applicable to all people from the human races, castes and creeds in the whole world.
(3) This law is Applicable:
In all the generations and eras of earthly cycles, Satyug, Treta, Dwapar and Kaliyug and in all the centuries - past,present and future.
(4) This law is Totally Perfect:
There has not been a single amendment in the law up-till now since time immemorial and there is not going to be a single amendment in the law till the end of the
entire universe. There is not a single 'proviso' in the law. There is no such mention or words like 'Provided that' or 'Not withstanding anything contained in the Act' etc.
(5) There is Not a Single Exception:
In this law of Karma, nobody can escape the canons of this law. Even the father of Lord Rama (incarnation of the omnipotent, omnipresent, omniscient God) could not
escape his destined death due to the forced separation of his son Rama. Shri Rama also in due respect to this law, did not interfere by giving extension of life even to his own father Dasratha at least for fourteen years till his return from exile. The omnipotent formless (NIRAKAR) God, once incarnated in the human form (SAKAR) as Rama, he too had to humbly respect and obey the Law of Karma and he did not show any favouritism or partiality to anybody,even to his own father.
Answered By: La Roja - Barca - 3/11/2012