Canada has universal healthcare that's prepaid by taxation.
It's not like the US where people buy their own health insurance or get it through their jobs.
Canada doesn't have States. We have Provinces and Territories.
The Governments of our Provinces and Territories act as the medical insurance companies for their residents.
Those governments issue healthcare insurance cards to their residents.
Here in Ontario, ours look similar to driver's licenses:
Link - http://www.health.gov.on.ca/English/providers/pub/ohip/physmanual/graphics/enhanced_card_security.gif
When we need to go to a doctor, clinic or hospital we have to provide our healthcard as proof of insurance.
The card gets validated (to make sure it's not fake) and then we get whatever care we need.
And we never see a bill for it.
That's because doctors, clinics and hospitals send their bills for services rendered to the government of whichever Province or Territory the patient is from.
Those governments use a portion of tax revenues to pay doctors, clinics and hospitals.
Our Federal government also sets aside a portion of tax revenues to help Provinces and Territories offset healthcare costs.
It doesn't matter if an individual pays taxes or not (i.e.: old folks and kids) to get care here.
All that's required is Canadian citizenship.
By law, all Canadians are covered for all medically-necessary healthcare:
-All neonatal care, preventive care, primary care, emergency care, diagnostic care & follow up care is provided without limit or limitation.
Also by law, only doctors can decide what's medically necessary.
Our coverage is provided nationwide, not just in whatever Province or Territory a patient's from.
We can travel anywhere in Canada and we're fully covered everywhere we go.
We're also free to pick whatever doctor, specialist, clinic or hospital we want to go to.
Our coverage is also international.
-If a Canadian on vacation needs emergency care, our system will pay for it.
Same for Canadians that need a specialist or procedure not available here for whatever reason.
-Our system will pay to send a patient anywhere in the world they need to go for treatment.
There's literally nothing like that in the US.
Doctors are not government workers like in some other universal healthcare countries.
Our government does not own clinics and hospitals like in some other UC nations either.
Doctors here are the same as in the US: Self employed.
Clinics here are nonprofit businesses owned by doctors and/or nurses.
Hospitals are nonprofit corporations, same as some hospitals in the US are.
Healthcare here is half the price of healthcare in the US.
Brand name medications are also cheaper here because governments can get huge discounts for buying bulk quantities from pharmaceutical manufacturers.
The end result is that Canadians are healthier and live years longer than Americans:
Link - http://www.ctv.ca/CTVNews/Health/20060530/canada_us_healthcare_060530/